What is AMO?
Animal milk is a biofluid that is considered as the first functional food of nature.
Animal Milk Oligosaccharides (AMOs) are non-digestible carbohydrates naturally present in milk that feed good bacteria, helping maintain a healthy gut through the maintenance of optimal microbiome diversity.
AMOs & Microbiome
Mammals do not digest AMOs, thus enabling the different AMOs structures to reach the large intestine where they work in concert in shaping the microorganism community (called the microbiota) in animal gut.
AMOs result from millions of years of evolution and therefore have been designed to promote the growth of beneficial bacteria (the so-called prebiotic effect) and to attach to undesirable microbes, thus helping to minimize susceptibility to invasions.
The stimulation of beneficial bacteria is advantageous for the animals as these bacteria will produce metabolites that animals use for their development, growth and maintenance of a healthy gut. For example, one of these bacterial compounds helps keep the integrity of the animal intestinal barrier. Another example is the role of bacteria in the maintenance of a balanced immune system.
How does it work?
AMOs vs FOS/GOS
Compared to conventional prebiotics such as FOS and GOS, AMOs confer a broad spectrum of benefits to the pet microbiome due to:
Natural presence in animal milk
Complexity & Diversity in structures
Presence of protective structures
Most conventional prebiotics are synthetic compounds not naturally present in animal milk. FOS, GOS and other such prebiotics lack the structural integrity, diversity and complexity of AMOs, leading to marginal effects on the animal microbiome.